Name

gphoto2 — command-line gphoto2 client

Synopsis

gphoto2 [--debug] [--debug-logfile FILENAME] [[-q] | [--quiet]] [[-v] | [--verbose]] [[-h] | [--help]]
[--hook-script FILENAME]
[--list-cameras] [--list-ports] [--stdout] [--stdout-size]
[--auto-detect] [--port PATH] [--speed SPEED] [--camera MODEL]
[--filename FILENAME]
[--usbid USBIDS]
[[-a] | [--abilities]]
[[--folder FOLDER] | [-f FOLDER]] [[[-R] | [--recurse]] | [--no-recurse]]
[[-l] | [--list-folders]]
[[-L] | [--list-files]] [[-m NAME] | [--mkdir NAME]]
[[-r NAME] | [--rmdir NAME]] [[-n] | [--num-files]]
[[-p RANGE] | [--get-file RANGE]] [[-P] | [--get-all-files]]
[[-t RANGE] | [--get-thumbnail RANGE]]
[[-T] | [--get-all-thumbnails]]
[--get-raw-data RANGE] [--get-all-raw-data]
[--get-audio-data RANGE] [--get-all-audio-data]
[--force-overwrite]
[--new]
[[-d RANGE] | [--delete-file RANGE]] [[-D] | [--delete-all-files]]
[[-u FILENAME] | [--upload-file FILENAME]] [--config]
[--list-config]
[--get-config CONFIGENTRY] [--set-config CONFIGENTRY=CONFIGVALUE] [--set-config-index CONFIGENTRY=CONFIGINDEX] [--set-config-value CONFIGENTRY=CONFIGVALUE]
[--capture-preview]
[[-F COUNT] | [--frames COUNT]] [[-I SECONDS] | [--interval SECONDS]]
[--reset-interval]
[--capture-image] [--capture-movie] [--capture-sound]
[--capture-tethered SECONDS or COUNT]
[--wait-event SECONDS or COUNT] [--wait-event-and-download SECONDS or COUNT]
[--show-info RANGE]
[--show-exif RANGE]
[--storage-info] [--summary] [--manual] [--about] [--shell]

Description

libgphoto2(3) is a cross-platform digital camera library, and gphoto2(1) is a command-line client for it.

Where an option takes a RANGE of files, thumbnails, or other data, they are numbered beginning at 1. A range is a comma-separated list of numbers or spans (“first-last”). Ranges are XOR (exclusive or), so that “1-5,3,7” is equivalent to “1,2,4,5,7”.

--debug

Turn on debugging output. Debugging output is written to stderr by default, or to the filename given to the --debug-logfile option.

--debug-logfile FILENAME (since 2.3.0)

The logfile to write the debugging info to, if --debug is given.

--hook-script FILENAME (new after 2.3.0)

Execute the hook script FILENAME every time a certain event happens within gphoto2. The hook script reads the environment variable ACTION. It must ignore ACTION values unknown to it.

ACTION=init

gphoto2 has just been initialized. If the hook script returns with a non-zero exit code now, gphoto2 will abort.

ACTION=start

gphoto2 has just finished parsing the command line and is about to start executing the commands given on the command line.

ACTION=download

gphoto2 has just downloaded a file to the computer, storing it in the file indicated by the environment variable ARGUMENT.

ACTION=stop

gphoto2 is about to finish. Do your final cleanups here.

All other environment variables are passed to the hook script unchanged. You can make use of that to pass data to the hook script.

Hook script may be specified in the ~/.gphoto/settings file as gphoto2=hook-script=filename.

-q, --quiet

Quiet output (default=verbose).

-v, --version

Display version and exit.

-h, --help

Display a short usage message.

--list-cameras

List supported camera models.

--list-ports

List supported port devices.

--stdout

Send file to stdout.

--stdout-size

Print filesize before data.

--auto-detect

List auto-detected cameras and the ports to which they are connected.

--port PATH

Specify port device. The --list-ports prints a list of valid, usable ports. In case of multiple USB cameras, the --auto-detect shows you the specific port each camera is connected to.

--speed SPEED

Specify serial transfer speed.

--camera MODEL

Specify camera model. The --list-cameras option prints a list of all explicitly supported cameras.

Most model names contain spaces: remember to enclose the name in quotes so that the shell knows it is one parameter. For example: --camera "Kodak DC240".

Note that if you specify --camera, you must also specify --port. Otherwise the --camera option will be silently ignored.

--filename FILENAME

When downloading files from the camera, specify the file name or file name pattern to use when storing the downloaded file on the local disk. When uploading a file to the camera, specify the filename to store the uploaded file as on the camera.

The --filename option accepts %a, %A, %b, %B, %d, %H, %k, %I, %l, %j, %m, %M, %S, %y, %%, (see date(1)) and, in addition, %n for the number, %C for the filename suffix, %f for the filename without suffix, %: for the complete filename in lowercase.

Note that %: is still in alpha stage, and the actual character or syntax may still be changed. E.g. it might be possible to use %#f and %#C for lower case versions, and %^f and %^C for upper case versions.

%n is the only conversion specifier to accept a padding character and width: %03n will pad with zeros to width 3 (e.g. print the number 7 as “007”). Leaving out the padding character (e.g. %3n) will use an implementation specific default padding character which may or may not be suitable for use in file names.

Default value for this option can be specified in the ~/.gphoto/settings file as gphoto2=filename=value.

--usbid USBIDS

(Expert only) Override USB IDs. USBIDSmust be of the form DetectedVendorID:DetectedProductID=TreatAsVendorID:TreatAsProductID to treat any USB device detected as DetectedVendorID:DetectedProductID as TreatAsVendorID:TreatAsProductID instead. All the VendorIDs and ProductIDs should be hexadecimal numbers beginning in C notation, i.e. beginning with '0x'.

Example: --usbid 0x4a9:0x306b=0x4a9:0x306c

-a, --abilities

Display camera abilities.

-f, --folder FOLDER

Specify camera folder (default="/").

-R, --recurse

Recursion (default for download).

--no-recurse

No recursion (default for deletion).

-l, --list-folders

List folders in folder.

-L, --list-files

List files in folder.

-m, --mkdir NAME

Create a directory.

-r, --rmdir NAME

Remove a directory.

-n, --num-files

Display number of files.

-p, --get-file RANGE

Get files given in range.

-P, --get-all-files

Get all files from folder.

-t, --get-thumbnail RANGE

Get thumbnails given in range.

-T, --get-all-thumbnails

Get all thumbnails from folder.

--get-raw-data RANGE

Get raw data given in range.

--get-all-raw-data

Get all raw data from folder.

--get-audio-data RANGE

Get audio data given in range.

--get-all-audio-data

Get all audio data from folder.

--force-overwrite

Overwrite files without asking.

--new

Only get not already downloaded files. This option depends on camera support of flagging already downloaded images and is not available for all drivers.

-d, --delete-file RANGE

Delete files given in range.

-D, --delete-all-files

Delete all files in folder.

-u, --upload-file FILENAME

Upload a file to camera.

--capture-preview

Capture a quick preview.

-F COUNT, --frames COUNT

Number of frames to capture in one run. Default is infinite number of frames.

-I SECONDS, --interval SECONDS

Time between capture of multiple frames.

(Since 2.4) If SIGUSR1 signal is received, a picture is taken immediately without waiting for the end of the current interval period (see the section called “Signals”). A value of -1 will let gphoto2 wait forever, i.e. until a signal arrives. See also --reset-interval (since 2.4).

--reset-interval (since 2.4)

Setting this option will reset the time interval to the value given by the -I|--interval option when a SIGUSR1 signal is received in time-lapse mode.

--capture-image

Capture an image and keep it on the camera.

--capture-image-and-download

Capture an image and download it immediately to the computer.

--capture-movie

Capture a movie. (No driver supports this at this time.)

--capture-sound

Capture an audio clip.

--capture-tethered

Lets gphoto2 wait for notifications from the camera that an object was added. This is useful for tethered capture, where pressing the shutter on the camera immediately transfer the image to the machine for processing.

Together with the --hook-script to immediately postprocess or display the images this can help a studio workflow.

This option requires support in the driver and by the camera, currently newer Canon EOS and Nikon DSC are known to work.

--wait-event SECONDS or COUNT, --wait-event-and-download SECONDS or COUNT

Lets gphoto2 wait for notifications from the camera for various things. This is useful for seeing what the camera does and waiting for objects to be added. The objects are kept on camera in the “--wait-event” version, with “--wait-event-and-download” they are downloaded.

--wait-event-and-download is equivalent to --capture-tethered.

The time to wait can be either specified as full seconds with a "s" suffix, or as a number of events (just a number). If nothing happens, a timeout is generated after 1 second, so a “wait-event=5” will take at most 5 seconds. A “--wait-event=5s” will take exactly 5 second.

If no argument is given, the wait time is 1 million events (basically forever).

In the download variant this can be used together with the --hook-script to immediately postprocess or display the images this can help a studio workflow.

This option requires support in the driver and by the camera, currently newer Canon EOS and Nikon DSC are known to work.

--show-info RANGE

Show info.

--list-config

List all configuration entries.

--get-config CONFIGENTRY

Get the specified configuration entry.

This command will list the type, the current value and also the available options of this configuration value.

--set-config CONFIGENTRY=CONFIGVALUE

Set the specified configuration entry. For lists of choices of values this setting first looks up CONFIGVALUE as value and then as index into the choice list. Since this is not fully clear, you can use --set-config-index or --set-config-value to be more clear what is searched for.

Look at the output of --get-config to see what values are possible to set here.

--set-config-index CONFIGENTRY=CONFIGINDEX

Set the specified configuration entry by specifying the index into the list of choices for the configuration value. This of course only works for configuration settings that offer list of choices.

Look at the output of --get-config to see what indices are possible to set here.

--set-config-value CONFIGENTRY=CONFIGVALUE

Set the specified configuration entry by specifying its new value. For lists of choices the value is looked up and set.

Look at the output of --get-config to see what indices are possible to set here.

--storage-info

Display information about the camera's storage media.

--summary

Summary of camera status.

--manual

Camera driver manual.

--about

About the camera driver.

--shell

Start the gphoto2 shell, an interactive environment. See SHELL MODE for a detailed description.

Shell Mode

The following commands are available:

cd

Change to a directory on the camera.

ls

List the contents of the current directory on the camera.

lcd

Change to a directory on the local machine.

get

Download the file to the current directory.

get-thumbnail

Download the thumbnail to the current directory.

get-raw

Download raw data to the current directory.

show-info

Show information.

delete

Delete a file or directory.

mkdir DIRECTORY

Creates a directory named “DIRECTORY”.

rmdir DIRECTORY

Removes a directory named “DIRECTORY”.

show-exif

Show EXIF information (only if compiled with EXIF support).

capture-image

Captures a single image and keeps it on the camera.

capture-image-and-download

Captures a single image and downloads it from the camera.

list-config

Lists all configuration values.

get-config NAME

Gets the configuration specified by “NAME”.

set-config NAME=VALUE

Sets the configuration specified by “NAME” to “VALUE”.

set-config-value NAME=VALUE

Sets the configuration specified by “NAME” to “VALUE”.

set-config-index NAME=VALUE

Sets the configuration specified by “NAME” to the “INDEX” into the list of choices. Works only for Menu or Radio button entries.

wait-event COUNT or SECONDS

Waits for events from the camera for the specified time in SECONDS (if suffixed with s) or the COUNT of events from the camera, where every seconds a timeout event happens. Newly added images are kept on the camera.

Default is 1 event.

wait-event-and-download COUNT or SECONDS, capture-tethered COUNT or SECONDS

Waits for events from the camera for the specified time in SECONDS (if suffixed with s) or the COUNT of events from the camera, where every seconds a timeout event happens. Newly added images are downloaded from the camera.

Default is 1 event.

help, ?

Displays command usage.

exit, quit, q

Exit the gphoto2 shell.

Environment variables

CAMLIBS

If set, defines the directory where the libgphoto2 library looks for its camera drivers (camlibs). You only need to set this on OS/2 systems and broken/test installations.

IOLIBS

If set, defines the directory where the libgphoto2_port library looks for its I/O drivers (iolibs). You only need to set this on OS/2 systems and broken/test installations.

LD_DEBUG

Set this to all to receive lots of debug information regarding library loading on ld based systems.

USB_DEBUG

If set, defines the numeric debug level with which the libusb library will print messages. In order to get some debug output, set it to 1.

Signals

SIGUSR1 (since 2.4)

In time-lapse capture mode, receiving a SIGUSR1 signal makes gphoto2 take a picture immediately.

If the --reset-interval option is given, the time counter is reset to the value given by the -I|--interval option. Note that the camera will need some time (from 50ms to a few seconds) to actually capture the image.

See also

libgphoto2(3), The gPhoto2 Manual, The gphoto.org website, Digital Camera Support for UNIX, Linux and BSD

Examples

gphoto2 --list-ports

Shows what kinds of ports (USB and serial) you have.

gphoto2 --auto-detect

Shows what camera(s) you have connected.

gphoto2 --list-files

List files on camera.

gphoto2 --get-file 7-13

Get files number 7 through 13 from the list output by gphoto2 --list-files.

gphoto2 --capture-image --interval 60 --hook-script /usr/share/doc/gphoto2/test-hook.sh

Capture one image every 60 seconds from now to eternity. The example hook script will be called after each captured image has been stored on the computer.

To track down errors, you can add the --debug parameter to the gphoto2 command line and, if dealing with USB problems, setting the environment variable USB_DEBUG=1.